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Uscript. RL commented the manuscript. PV participated in the designing of the analysis and commented the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Acknowledgement This study was partly financed by Academy of Finland grant 2007?010 (decision number 115088). We thank all women who participated in the trial, the trial staff at clinical centres, and the staff at the National Inst
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Ing/burning Pat year (overall) Moderate physical violence (overall) Slapping on face* Pushing/shaking/throwing something* Twisting arm/pulling hair* Severe physical violence (overall) Hitting with fist/something Kicking/dragging Threatening/attacking with knife or gun Choking/burning*Moderate physical act. Severe physical act.Frequency of violence Once No. ( ) 2 ?5 times No. ( ) No. >5 times ( )(
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N expectedly cannot speak freely. To our knowledge, this study is the first survey in Erbil city to assess the past year IPV. Prevalence of past year IPV in this study (45.3 ) is similar to those reported in Baghdad (44 ) [14], and in Omdurman, Sudan (41.6 ) [26]. However, it is lower than that reported in Madina, Saudi Arabia (58.7 ) [12] and higher than that reported in China 26 [20] and Esfaha
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Used. With the current knowledge on the mixed effect on diseases, it might be feasible to find a representative cohort of new menopausal women without HT for follow-up studies.8.9.10. 11.Conclusion There was a notable variability in the development of disturbing vasomotor symptoms over time in a selected group of women aged 50 -59. Population-based followup studies of untreated women would be usef
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Ing/burning Pat year (overall) Moderate physical violence (overall) Slapping on face* Pushing/shaking/throwing something* Twisting arm/pulling hair* Severe physical violence (overall) Hitting with fist/something Kicking/dragging Threatening/attacking with knife or gun Choking/burning*Moderate physical act. Severe physical act.Frequency of violence Once No. ( ) 2 ?5 times No. ( ) No. >5 times ( )(
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N expectedly cannot speak freely. To our knowledge, this study is the first survey in Erbil city to assess the past year IPV. Prevalence of past year IPV in this study (45.3 ) is similar to those reported in Baghdad (44 ) [14], and in Omdurman, Sudan (41.6 ) [26]. However, it is lower than that reported in Madina, Saudi Arabia (58.7 ) [12] and higher than that reported in China 26 [20] and Esfaha
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Is considerably higher than the rates reportedTable 2 Prevalence of lifetime and past year emotional abuse by intimate partner against womenType of violence No. Lifetime (overall) Insult Scaring/intimidation Humiliation Threatening to remarry Threatening to harm Threatening to divorce Past year (overall) Insult Scaring/intimidation Humiliation Threatening to remarry Threatening to harm Threatening
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Dents of domestic violence of women, 46 sustained minor physical injuries, 20 moderate physical injuries and 6 severe physical injuries [39]. In Ireland, a study found that 46 of women attending the general practice who experienced violent behavior had been injured [22].The proportion of emotional distress and suicidal thought behaviors and attempts among physically abused women this study was

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